Non-Newtonian Electromagnetic Warp-Drive

Robert X Bishop has been working with his associates at the fringes of science while rigorously adhering to scientific method for decades. Robert X Bishop’s collaboration began when Sir Arthur C. Clarke requested Robert’s assistance to explore exotic energy technologies.  Sir Arthur C. Clarke and Robert X Bishop also supported the work of one of the fathers of the space elevator, Yuri Artsutanov. Now Robert is working to develop a new type of rocket thruster. All existing thrusters require fuel in the form of consumables. The rocket thruster conceived by Robert X Bishop would require only electrical current, which could be harvested using many different technologies, even in the not so emptiness of space.

While the earth has been an amazing cradle for the human race, without some new exotic propulsion the fate of the human race rests on the stability of the Earth. The last 3000 years has been a relatively stable tectonic and meteorological period for the planet Earth, but there is no way to predict how long this stability will last. With leading indicators such as climate change and the shifting of the Earth’s magnetic poles, time may be short to find solutions.

Robert X Bishop hopes that in some small way their work will help the human race to move beyond the cradle into the stars. In the Bishop thruster there is only directed propulsion. This directed propulsion is the product of the flow of electrical current through a coil of a unique geometry possibly creating a region of nonlinearity in spacetime. This virtual thrust vector is predicted to be of a non-Newtonian nature. If successful this new thruster could propel a spacecraft from lunar orbit to Mars orbit in as little as fifteen days.

Possible Fuel sources that may be harvested during flight such as:

  • Photovoltaic array
  • Thermal differential arrays
  • Future exotic devices such as zero-point collectors


  • Ultra simple design translates into high reliability and ease of repair
  • Scalable – available thrust a product of the number of coils
  • Constant thrust capability allows for acceleration to maximum velocities


[1] Robert X. Bishop and Vladimir Onoochin, Usage of the retardation effect to design the thruster based on another than action-reaction principle (2018),

[2] R.J. Shawyer, Microwave propulsion progress in the EmDrive programme. SPR Ltd UK IAC-08-C4.4.7, Glasgow, 2008.

[3] L. Page and N.I. Adams, Jr., Action and Reaction Between Moving Charges, Am. J. Phys. 13, 141 (1945).

[4] K.T. McDonald. Onoochin’s paradox. mcdonald/examples/onoochin.pdf

[5] W.F. Edwards, C.S. Kenyon and D.K. Lemon. Continuing investigation into possible electric field arising from steady conducting currents. Phys. Rev. D 14, 922, (1976)

[6] Humble, R. W., et. al., Space Propulsion Design and Anaylsis (revised edition), McGraw-Hill, 1995